Research using social media on hydroelectricity (Chen, Parkins and Sherren 2018; 2019) initiated a new research interest in culturomics, coined by Michel et al. (2011) who created the Google Ngram viewer, built on the Google Books database, as akin to a microscope or telescope for culture. We have noticed many ecologists engaging in research using social media in superficial ways, bypassing social science, but believe culturomics must emerge from a curiosity about human behavior and cultural trends, satisfied through measuring aspects of cultural output (Sherren et al. 2017b).  We are working now to develop the practice of landscape culturomics, expanding into photo-based and archival datasets, as well as experimenting with machine learning analytical methods,  to advance the practice of social impact assessment for landscape change, including a recent dykeland case study. A SSHRC Insight Grant led by my colleague Mike Smit is providing us the venue to do so.

Publications

Jaric, I., Roll, U., Arlinghaus, R., Belmaker, J., Chen, Y., China, V., Douda, K., Essl, F., Jahning, S. C., Jeschke, J. M., Kalinkat, G., Kalous, L., Ladle, R., Lennox, R. J., Rosa, R., Sbragaglia, V., Sherren, K., Smejkal, M., Soriano-Redondo, A., Souza, A. T., Wolter, C. and Correia, R. A. In press. Expanding conservation culturomics and iEcology from terrestrial to aquatic realms. PLOS Biology.

Chen, Y., Caesemaecker, C., Rahman, H.M.T. and Sherren, K. 2020. Comparing cultural ecosystem service delivery in dykelands and marshes using Instagram: A case of the Cornwallis (Jijuktu’kwejk) River, Nova Scotia, Canada. Ocean and Coastal Management, 193, 105254.

Chen, Y., Parkins, J. R. and Sherren, K. 2019. Leveraging Social Media to Understand Younger People’s Perceptions and Use of Hydroelectric Energy Landscapes, Society and Natural Resources, 32, 1114-1122. 

Chen, Y., Parkins, J. R. and Sherren, K. 2018 Using geo-tagged Instagram posts to reveal landscape values around current and proposed hydroelectric dams and their reservoirs Landscape and Urban Planning 170, 283-292.

Sherren, K., Parkins, J. R., Smit, M., Holmlund, M., & Chen, Y. (2017a). Digital archives, big data and image-based culturomics for social impact assessment: Opportunities and challengesEnvironmental Impact Assessment Review67, 23-30.

Sherren, K., Smit, M., Holmlund, M., Parkins, J. R., & Chen, Y. (2017b). Conservation culturomics should include images and a wider range of scholarsFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment15(6), 289-290.

Trainees

Gardenio Pimentel da Silva (MES candidate 2019-) joined the team to explore existing SIA exploration and monitoring methods  in the context of hydroelectricity.

Yan Chen’s MES (2016) was co-funded by SSHRC and the Nova Scotia Research and Innovation Graduate Scholarship, worked on social media monitoring and analysis of Instagram images around hydroelectric sites at Mactaquac and Site C. Her MES thesis is available online. She has now returned to undertake a PhD on the Smit-led project using machine learning to explore image-based data to inform SIA tools.